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JPACT写作考:多运用动词和主动语态

  • 2019-11-12     
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  J-PACT考试是由新加坡校长公会组织安排的学术水平测验。考试由两个科目组成,即英文与数学。考试的题型及难度与新加坡当地的“O”水准考试相当。今天小编为大家带来关于JPACT写作考试中常见的主动语态介绍,希望同学们能够合理的掌握,下面就和小编一起看看吧。


JPACT写作考:多运用动词和主动语态


  1、多运用动词和主动语态

  ▶ 在文章中把一个主要的名词换成动词

  例:Verb to be :the use of leaf blowers before 8 am is a violation of local noiseabatement laws.

  Action verb :the use of leaf blowers before 8 am violates local noise abatementlaws.

  ▶ 用动词替代句子中的某一个重要的名词或形容词

  例:Verb to be :The quarterback’s wretched performance was a disgrace to his team.

  Action verb :The quarterback’s wretched performance humiliated his team.

  ▶ 如果不知如何更改动词,可以重新整理语句形式

  例:Verb to be :Jamie was happy to be part of the all-star soccer team.

  Action verb : Being a part of the all-star soccer team thrilled Jamie.

  ▶ 主动语态

  例:Passive Voice :the main idea for my essay was stated as the first sentence in thefirst paragraph.

  Active Voice : I stated the main idea of my essay in the first sentence in thefirst paragraph.

  Passive voice : money for the new recreation building was raised quickly.

  Active voice: the recreation committee quickly raised money for thenew building.

  2、在文章中使用specific words

  少general words,多增加specific images。这两者怎么区别呢?我们来举个例子,car就是general words,因为车的种类有很多,而Benz SUV 就是specific words。在考试的中,多使用specific words可以帮助把物体解释的更清楚,读者也会获得更多的信息,使他们对你的文章更方便了解。

  例1:General :Tom got into his car and drove off.

  Specific :Tom leaped into his SUV and roared off.

  例2:General: My coach illustrates the point about playing fairly.

  Specific: My basketball coach, Ms Berry, illustrates the essay- ist’s pointabout playing fairly.

  例3:General: At the end of the day, the workmen walked up thesnow-covered road.

  Specific: At the end of the day, the tired workmen trudged wearilyup the snow-covered road.

  3、使用简单词汇

  在写作中,有的同学习惯使用一些例如 ugly as sin, pretty as a picture之类的词汇。在这里,小编建议大家不要使用这类词汇。因为在使用这些词汇的时候,会给读者一种陈词滥调、平淡无味的感觉,更有可能使读者误会你本身的意思。

  General :I was shaking in my boots before the interview,but I was happy as alark when the personnel manager offered me the job.

  Improved :I was terrified before the interview, but I was ecstatic when thepersonnel manager offered me the job.

  4、使用简单的语句

  写作的时候,尽量的使用简单易懂的词汇语句,可以使读者更清楚的明白你的立场和你文章的目的。要记住,JPACT写作不是考察你的生词量,而是在考察你是否能将你的想法通过文字的方式传递给读者。

  例:To facilitate input by the maximum number of potential purchasers,questionnaires were designed and posted well in advance of the launch of thepromotional marketing campaign.

  Improved :Before we began advertising, we designed and mailed a marketingsurvey to find out what customers were looking for.

  通过比较,我们可以清楚的明白,上面的句子,使用了一些不必要的词汇,而导致句子看上去繁琐难懂。下面的句子,经过编改,变得简单易懂。

  5、避免使用俚语

  JPACT的写作,要求的是一篇有专业性的写作,而不是一篇日记或随笔,所以俚语不应该在JPACT的考试中出现。就好像是高考作文中,考生把“我要去…”写成“俺要去…”加有地方方言的语言方式。

  例1:Brian’s mother reprimanded him for blowing his physic test.

  Improved :Brian’s mother reprimanded him for failing his physic test.

  同样的,考生在写作的时候,也应该尽量避免太多学术性强的语言。批卷的老师很有可能并不像你一样是个电脑高手。他或她可能只明白一些初级的电脑词汇,对于那些技术性强的词汇,也许一窍不通。

  例2:Close-support, transport, and reconnaissance assistance is providedby the S-3X helicopter, which is the most cost effective in a craneconfiguration.

  Improved :The S-3X helicopter provides support, transportation, andreconnaissance. However, the helicopter is most cost effective when it works asa crane.

  6、合并短句,截断长句

  合并短句可以让你的文章更连贯,读者阅读的时候思路也会更清晰。

  例1:The glee club held a fund-raiser, the basketball team also held afundraiser.

  Improved sentences :The glee club and the basketball team held fundraisers (compoundsubject).

  例2:The most valuable player on the basketball team will give thegraduation speech. She is the star of this year’s musical.

  Improved sentences: The most valuable player on the basketball team,who is also the star of this year’s musical, will give the graduation speech (appositive).

  例3:The wide receiver ran down the field. He caught the winningtouchdown pass.

  Improved sentences: Running down the field, the wide receiver caughtthe winning pass (modifying phrase).

  以上就是小编为大家带来的关于JPACT考试备考介绍,希望同学们能够认真对待,做一些针对性的备考方案。想要获取更多怎样才能通过JPACT数学等更多信息,大家可以线上咨询客服哦!最后小编预祝大家能考取心中满意成绩。

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