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42. 某些形容词-or + to + 被比对象 特殊比较级句型。
His strength is superior to/greater than mine.
Socialism is superior to capitalism.
My knowledge is inferior to/less than his.
Is your father senior to mine?
Colored people are by no means inferior to white people.
His arrival is posterior to that of my friend.
43. Better...than... “宁可，最好”，It is被省略。
Better late than never.
Better to do well than to say well.
Better to light one candle than to curse the darkness.
Better die standing than live kneeling.
44. choose A before B 优先选择。
A hero should choose death before dishonor.
I am willing to work myself to death before I give up.
I would do anything before that.
45. like, as 比喻。
He stood there like a tree.
Use a book as a bee does a flower.
A year has gone as a tortoise goes heavy and slow.
46. A is to B as C is to D.
A to B is what C is to D. 比喻
Reading is to the mind what exercise is to the body.
Intellect is to the mind what sight is to the body.
Air is to us what/as water is to fish.
47. (Just) As/What +喻体, so/that +本体 比喻
Just as we sweep our rooms, so we should sweep backward ideas from our minds.
What salt is to food, that wit and humor are to conversation and literature.
What blood vessel is to a man’s body, that railway is to transportation.
As food is to man, so manure is to crops.
48. A to B is as ... as C to D. 同等重要性比喻。
Cultivation to the mind is as necessary as food to the body.
He walks as if he were as blind as a beetle.
A pen to a writer is as important as arms to a soldier.
49. may as well ... as ... 类似比喻。
You may as well call a cat a little tiger as call a tiger a big cat.
She might as well love a dream as fall in love with me.
One might as well expect the leopard to change his spots as expect the wolf to change its nature.
50. as...as 形容词活用。
It is as hot as hot can be.
He works as hard as hard can be.
She’s as beautiful as beautiful can be.
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