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UKiset英语真题词汇讲解:what用法小结

  • 2020-11-12     
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有人会认为英语的翻译和阅读,难点都是各种语法现象和生词,尤其是复杂语法现象和专业用词。但是,很多时候,句子的理解难点,却是我们最熟悉的词。What主要用于引导名词性从句,也是UKiset考试中的常考点。其用法总结为七种:

1.What+主语+及物动词

例句1:What he saysis reasonable.

解析:What he says是主语从句,what在主语从句中作宾语。

例句2:It is none of your businesswhatother people think about you. Believe yourself.

解析:本句意为“别人怎么看你,与你无关,相信你自己。”其中It是形式主语,真正的主语是whatother people think about you.

2.what +主语+不及物动词/系动词+介词

例句:The judge does not considerwhateach eyewitness looks like.

解析:whateach eyewitness looks like是宾语从句,what在从句中作介词like的宾语。


 UKiset英语真题词汇讲解:what用法小结


3.What +主语+系动词

例句1:He is notwhathe wasten years ago.

解析:本句意为“他不再是十年前的他了。”其中whathe was是表语从句,what在从句中作表语。

例句2:I’m not to blame, Mum. I amwhatyou have made me.

解析:whatyou have made me.是表语从句,what在从句中作补语。

例句3:The seaside here draws a lot of tourists every summer. Warm sunshine and soft sands makewhatit is.

解析:whatit is是宾语从句,what在从句中作表语。

4.What后接名词,作定语

例句1:I gave himwhatbooks I had.

解析:whatbooks I had是宾语从句,what在从句中作books的定语。

例句2:It is uncertainwhatside effect the medicine will bring about, although about two thousand patients have taken it.

解析:whatside effect the medicine will bring about是宾语从句,what在从句中作side effect的定语。

例句3:The shocking news mademe realizewhatterrible problems we would face.

解析:whatterrible problems we would face.是宾语从句,what在从句中作problems的定语,且terrible也是定语修饰problems。

5.What +及物动词+宾语或What +be done

例句1:Whatmakes the matter worsehas been puzzling me.

解析:其中Whatmakes the matter worse是主语从句,what在从句中作主语。

例句2:The farmer’s wife rushed to seewhat was caught.

解析:what was caught.是宾语从句,what在从句中作主语。

6.what用于固定搭配what……do with (处理):

例句:Whatdo you do with this problem?这个问题你怎样处理?

7.感叹句中:

(1)What a/an+(形容词)+单数名词+谓语!

例句:What a clever boy he is! (他是个)多么聪明的男孩啊!

(2)What+(形容词)+复数名词+谓语!

例句:What beautiful flowers they are! (它们是)多么漂亮的花啊!

(3)What+(形容词)+不可数名词+谓语!

例句:What fine weather it is!多好的天气啊!

以上就是小编为大家整理的关于UKiset英语考试词汇讲解之What用法总结,希望对大家有所帮助。更多UKiset认可学校、上海UKiset考试机构等问题可以咨询我们。


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