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高分必备:PTE阅读常见的熟词生义讲解(三)

  • 2021-01-08     
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  PTE考试的时候对阅读部分非常的苦恼,PTE阅读部分的题型包括单选,多选,段落排序,和完形填空。而其中占分值最大的部分为完形填空题,该题型会占分到整个阅读部分的一半甚至以上,而其考点也非常的单一:词汇的辨析。下面就和小编继续学习阅读中常见的熟词生义吧。

  corner

  v.垄断(某种商品的)市场

  英英释义:

  If a company or place corners an area of trade, they gain control over it so that no one else can have any success in that area.

  例句:

  ①They've been trying to corner the market by buying up all the wheat in sight. (LDOCE5)


高分必备:PTE阅读常见的熟词生义讲解(三)


  他们想把所有能得到的小麦都买下来以垄断市场。

  ②Whether they will corner the market in graphics software remains to be seen. (CCAD3)

  还不清楚他们是否要垄断制图软件市场。

  拓展:

  corner作此义讲时,一般用在经济领域,比较常见的搭配是corner the market

  与之意思相近的短语还有:have a monopoly on sth

  除此之外,corner作为动词还有两个比较常见的熟词生义:

  第一个意思表示“硬要走近想与(某人)说话”

  If you corner someone, you force them to speak to you when they have been trying to avoid you.

  例如:

  I found myself cornered by her on the stairs.

  我发觉她在楼梯上迎面过来非要与我说话。

  第二个意思比较形象,中文释义是“使……落入圈套”

  If you corner a person or animal, you force them into a place they cannot escape from.

  例如:

  ①The man was finally cornered by police in a garage.

  那人最终被警方逼到了车库里。

  ②If cornered, the snake will defend itself.

  蛇在被逼得走投无路时会自卫的。

  doctor

  v.篡改,伪造

  英英释义:

  If someone doctors something, they change it in order to deceive people.

  例句:

  ①Of course, publicity photos of that event were later suspected of being doctored, which raises the question of credibility.

  当然, 该事件的宣传照片后被怀疑有过修改嫌疑, 这就提出了信誉问题。----《CNN 精选》

  ②I'd be doctoring my books right now, too.

  换了我 我也赶快作假帐。---《猫鼠游戏 第1季》

  ③We aired a doctored tape in support of a fake report.

  我们用篡改过的视频来证实一则假新闻。----《新闻编辑室 》

  拓展:

  “doctor”作此义的用法很常见,在很多美剧和外刊中都有出现,它常见的搭配是tape, photo,video等。

  除此之外,doctor作为动词还有一个比较少见的意思----“将有害物掺进(食物或饮料)中”

  If someone doctors food or drink, they add a poison or drug to it.

  例如:

  She had no doubt that it was he who had doctored her milk.

  said

  adj.先前提到的

  英英释义:

  used before the name of a person or thing you have already mentioned.

  例句:

  ①But what is the importance of the said gentleman?

  ②It seems likely that said person has committed similar offenses in the past.

  ③The said Joseph Brown was seen outside the house on the night of January 15th.

  拓展:

  “said”在这里是有意义的词,它不仅仅是“say”的过去式,也可以表示“先前提到的”,相当于“aforementioned”

  retire

  v.就寝,睡觉

  英英释义:

  When you retire, you go to bed.

  例句:

  ①She retires early most nights, exhausted.

  ②Some time after midnight, he retired to bed.

  拓展:

  这里补充两个与“睡觉”相关的短/俚语,它们都是informal的用法:

  ①turn in

  When you turn in, you go to bed.

  例如:

  Would you like some tea before you turn in?

  ②hit the sack/hay

  除此之外,retire还有一个比较少见的意思,表示“撤退”

  to remove from a battle after being defeated.

  (有一道专四选择题就考了这个意思)

  flame

  n.强烈的感情,激情

  英英释义:

  You can refer to a feeling of passion or anger as a flame of passion or a flame of anger.

  例句:

  Flames of passion swept through both of them

  拓展:

  这里补充一个短语“old flame”(旧情人,旧欢)

  An old flame is someone with whom you once had a romantic relationship.

  例句:

  Sue was seen dating an old flame.

  以上就是小编为大家整理的关于PTE阅读常见的熟词生义讲解,希望对大家有所帮助。更多PTE考试真题、PTE写作模板等问题可以咨询我们。


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2021-01-11
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