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PTE英语核心高频词汇(4)

  • 2020-10-12     
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PTE和托福一样都是考查国际学生英语能力的考试,托福的单词对PTE考试更有针对性。很多同学错误地在刚开始就去背GRE的单词,背到一半发现单词太偏太难,却发现对做PTE的听力和阅读题没有任何实质性的帮助。

broad /brɔːd/

a. 宽的,广阔的;广泛的;概括性的

拓展

a broad smile 满面笑容

a broad/wide range of 范围很广的

It's as broad as it's long

横竖都一样; 不分高低

broaden v. 使变宽;扩大

broaden one’s horizon 开阔某人的眼界

broadly ad. 明显地;宽广地;概括地

broadcast a.& v. 广播;广播节目

例句

Jack was a young giant, broad of back, full of vigour.

杰克是个身材魁梧的年轻人,长得肩宽背阔,生气勃勃。

 PTE英语核心高频词汇(4)

辨析

broad/wide

二者都指“宽”常可互换。

broad着重指幅面的宽,常修饰背、肩、胸等的宽阔;

wide着重指从一边到另一边的距离。此外修饰嘴、眼的大。

串记

According to the announcement of the broadcast, the old street is not broadenough. It will be broadened soon.

根据广播的公告,这条老街不够宽。它很快就会被加宽。

build /bɪld/ (built, built)

v. 建筑;造;n. 体格

拓展

build on 依赖,指望,把……建于……上

build up 增进,加强,树立

build one’s body 健身

body building 健身

building n. 修建;建筑物

例句

I should be confident and build up my capacity to achieve my goal.

我应该充满信心,增强自己的能力以实现目标。

串记

The builders can build their bodies and build up their confidence by building grand buildings.

建造者可以通过建造宏伟的建筑来建造他们的身体和树立他们的信心。

burn /bɜːn/ (-ed,-ed 或 burnt,burnt)

v. 燃,烧,着火;使烧焦;使晒黑;n. 烧伤;晒伤

拓展

burn down 烧掉,焚毁

burn out (把…)烧坏,烧光;使筋疲力尽

burn to the ground 烧毁,夷为平地

burn up 烧掉,烧尽

sun-burnt 太阳晒伤的

例句

I watched two buildings on my block burn down.

我目睹了我们街区中两幢楼房的烧毁。

串记

After work, my aunt goes to the broad gym to build her body, she wants to burn up more calories!

One day, the gym caught fire and was burned down. All the instruments wereburnt out. But luckily, nobody was burned.

下班后,我阿姨去大健身房锻炼身体,她想燃烧更多的卡路里!

有一天,体育馆失火了,被烧毁了。所有的器材都烧坏了,但幸运的是没有人被烧着。

burst /bɜːst/ v. (burst, burst)

突然发生;突然发作;n. 爆炸;迸发

拓展

burst out doing = burst into+n. 突然……起来

burst in  闯进来;突然插嘴

burst into 突然闯入

burst with anger/joy 勃然大怒/乐不可支

burst in on/upon 突然出现/到来

例句

①Upon/On hearing the bad news, his mother burst into tears/burst out crying.

听到这个噩耗,他母亲突然哭起来了。

②He felt he would burst with anger and shame.

他恼羞成怒,都要气炸了。

串讲

The son burst into the house to tell his parents some news. On hearing the news the husband burst out laughing while the wife burst into tears.

一听到这个消息,丈夫发出一阵大笑,而妻子却留下了眼泪。

business /ˈbɪznɪs/

n. 商业,生意,交易;(本分)工作,职责;事务/情;公司,店铺,企业(同firm/company)

拓展

go into business 从事商业

go out of business 停业

on business 因公出差

have no business to do(或doing) 无权做……

no business of yours 与你无关

do business with 和…做生意

mind your own business 别多管闲事

none of your business 不关你的事;别管闲事

out of business 破产; 歇/失业; 损坏; 受伤

businessman(businesswoman) n.(女)商人/实业家

例句

I wonder if you have any business connections abroad.

我想知道你们在国外是否有业务联系。

串记

The businesswoman has business relations with some businesses abroad. She travels a lot on business. She is always busy and gets down to business on arrival. Her husband wants to help her but she tells him to mind his own business. She carries her business cards everywhere. She hopes her business will never be out of business.

这位女商人与国外的一些公司有业务关系。她经常出差。她总是很忙,一到就着手干正事。她丈夫想帮助她,但她告诉他少管闲事。她到处带着她的名片。她希望她的生意永远不会破产。

以上就是小编为大家整理的关于PTE考试中高分词汇讲解,希望对大家有所帮助。更多PTE考试考点、PTE考试内容等问题可以咨询我们。


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