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PTE写作5大语法错误

  • 2022-10-08     
  • 250 人浏览
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  今天我们就来说说PTE写作问题,如果你总是在写作上感觉被莫名扣10来分的话,也许就是因为你在写作时不小心犯了这5大语法错误。

  1.主语部分常见错误

  【A . 动词不能充当句子主语】

  例子:

  Take maternity leave is good for women’s health.

  翻译:休产假对女性的健康有好处。

  解析:语中句子的主语通常由名词或者具备名词性质的短语,词语或者从句充当。这个句子中take 是一个动词,不能充当句子的主语。

  修改:Taking maternity leave is good for women’s health.

  【B. 句子不能充当主语】

  例子:

  Environmental pollution becomes increasingly serious is an undeniable fact.

  解析:environmental pollution becomes increasingly serious是一个句子,

  而且这里没有任何引导词,比如that这种,不能充当整个句子的主语成分

  修改:

  a. It is an undeniable fact that environmental pollution becomes increasingly serious. (语法现象:It做形式主语,结构:It is +名词+that)

  b. That environmental pollution becomes increasingly serious is an undeniable fact.(语法现象:that引导主语从句)

  翻译:环境污染变得越来越严重是一个不可否认的事实。

  2. 谓语常见的语法错误

  【A. 主谓一致问题 】

  例句:To be an irreplaceable employee require people to upgrade skills constantly.

  解析:不定式做主语,谓语动词要用单数形式。

  修改:To be an irreplaceable employee requires people to upgrade skills constantly.

  翻译:要成为一个不可替代的员工需要不断地更新技能。

  【B. There be 句型 】

  例句:There are many people suffer from poverty in the world.

  解析:这里出现了两个谓语,一个是there be句型中be是谓语动词,一个是suffer,因为一个句子在没有连词的情况下是不能有两个动词的,suffer只能以非谓语的形式出现。

  修改:There are many people suffering from poverty in the world.

  翻译:世界上有很多人遭受贫困。

  【C. 主句缺谓语动词 】

  例句:A current report about a 14-year-old boy who was forced to clean streets because of destroying his school seriously which irritates an argument.

  解析:

  这个句子读起来真的好吃力,还有种头重脚轻的感觉,因为的主句里面包含了一个who 引导定语从句(a 14-year-old boy who was forced to clean streets because of destroying his school seriously),was是定语从句里的谓语动词。

  整个句子的主干即主句应该是A current report irritates an argument.其中irritates应该是主句的谓语动词,因此去掉原句中的which.

  修改:

  A current report is about a 14-year-old boy who was forced to clean streets because of destroying his school seriously, which irritates an argument.

  翻译:最近一个关于14岁男孩因为严重毁坏学校而被强迫清扫街道的报告引起了争议。

  3. 连词引导状语从句,化复杂为简单

  例句:Shopping centers are increasingly enjoying less popularity. Because people are now used to shopping on line which is considered to be more convenient.

  解析:because, while, although, when, if 引导状语从句时,必须连接两个独立的句子,从句需依附于主句存在,因此将because前面的句号改成逗号。

  修改:Shopping centers are increasingly enjoying less popularity, because people are now used to shopping on line which is considered to be more convenient.

  翻译:购物中心越来越不受青睐,因为人们习惯了更加方便的网购。

  4. 固定搭配

  【A. 不定式符号to 与介词to的辨别问题 】

  例句:When it comes to boost economy, many developed countries reach goals at the expense of environment.

  解析:

  when it comes to 中to 是介词,而非不定式符号,因此后面需改成ing分词形式。

  类似的固定搭配有:adjust to适应,attend to处理;照料, belong to属于, refer to参考;指的是…;涉及,contribute to 有助于,促成,stick to坚持,继续,等等,各位童鞋平时需多积累这类固定搭配并熟记。

  修改:When it comes to boosting economy, many developed countries reach goals at the expense of environment.

  翻译:当谈论到推动经济发展,许多发达国家以牺牲环境为代价来实现目标。

  5. 逗号不能连接两个句子

  例句:Computers make our life more colorful, this is witnessed by everyone.

  解析:在英语中,逗号不能连接两个句子,可以用以下方法修改:

  修改:

  a. Computers make our life more colorful. This is witnessed by everyone.

  b. Computers make our life more colorful, and this is witnessed by everyone.

  c. Computers make our life more colorful, which is witnessed by everyone.

  翻译:所有人见证了,电脑使我们的生活更精彩。

  以上就是小编为大家介绍的PTE写作备考的资讯,希望可以帮助到大家,如果还想了解更多关于PTE考试计分、PTE官方评分标准的资讯,请多多关注本网站,也可以添加我们微信kewo11。


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