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PTE考试语法中常见的错误

  • 2022-09-07     
  • 318 人浏览
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  对于PTE考试来说,掌握好语法是备考的基础,以下语法错误常见于PTE写作中,大家一起来一下吧!

  错误一 将动词做主语

  出现这个问题往往是中式表达的缘故,考生将中文意思直接翻译成了英文

  错例: 保护环境人人有责

  Protect the environment is each individual's responsibility.

  这个句子里面,protect the environment 变成了主语。当想用动词作为主语的时候,请将动词变成动名词形式,例如:

  Protecting the environment is each individual's responsibility.

  错误二 句子中有多个动词

  出现这种问题的原因往往是因为中式思维在作怪,用中文翻成英语写作而忽视了英语的语法要求

  错例:Students receive job training can become competitive in the labour market;

  这个句子中出现了两个动词, receive 和 can become. 注意一个句子中应该有且只有一个谓语动词。

  改正:应该添加一个从句结构。

  Students who receive job training can become competitive in the labour market;

  Students can become competitive in the labour market if they receive skills training.

  错误三 There be 句型中谓语没有随其后名词改变

  这类问题其实也算是主谓不一致问题

  错例:There is a number of countries which know that they will soon be underwater if global warming is permitted to continue.

  There be 句式中 be动词的形式要跟后面跟的名词的具体单复数形式而变化。这里There be 结构中的主语是countries, 所以谓语动词要用are.

  改正:There are a number of countries which know that they will soon be underwater if global warming is permitted to continue.

  错误四 主谓不一致

  有时在SWT中大家要会写一些比较复杂的句式,例如插入成分或同谓语成分。在写作的过程当中,每每遇到以上几种情况的时候,回头重新找到句子的主语是最重要的。

  例如:Thomas Edison, one of the most distinguished scientists, is a brilliant inventor.这里在写完第二个逗号的时候,就应该回过头来看看主语Thomas Edison是单数的第三人称,而不能被插入成分中的scientists所蒙蔽。所以这里的谓语要用is 而不是are.

  错例:Cardiopathy, coupled with poor diet, lead to severe diabetes.

  这就话中主语为cardiopathy, 谓语应该为单三形式。

  改正:Cardiopathy, coupled with poor diet, leads to severe diabetes.

  错误五 不及物动词和系动词写了被动语态

  happen, appear, disappear, rise, emerge, occur, take place 这些词都没有被动语态

  错例:The accident was similar to the one that was happened last year;

  改正:The accident was similar to the one that happened last year.

  错误六 丢失冠词

  俗称“名词裸奔”,意思为一个可数名词前面既没有加冠词后面也没有用复数形式

  错例:A part-time job offers you chance to demonstrate your ability and apply what you have learned in school.

  改正:A part-time job offers you a chance to demonstrate your ability and apply what you have learned in school.

  错误七 词性混淆

  一些英语基础比较薄弱的考生往往会出现这个问题

  错例:A large number of people hold the believe that students' social activities should be the first priority.

  改正:A large number of people hold the belief that students' social activities should be the first priority.

  这个例子中believe是动词,belief才是名词形式。虽然发音相近,但是用法却完全不同。

  以上就是小编为大家介绍的PTE考试的资讯,希望可以帮助到大家,如果还想了解更多关于PTE英语难度、PTE官方培训等资讯,欢迎添加客服kewo11咨询!


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2022-09-07
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