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AEIS基础语法:如何正确地使用动词不定式?

  • 2020-06-16     
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在整个AEIS考试中各大题型,语法都贯穿其中。如果语法基础不行,势必影响阅读速度,遇上长难句基本凉凉;写作更是直接考察学生的语法能力的一项,如果语法基础不行,考试时很容易出现语法错误!下面小编就继续和小编一起看看今天的语法专题吧。

不定式的基本形式与结构

动词不定式指通常由to加上动词原形(如to write)所构成的一种非限定性动词形式,但在有些情况下to可以省略。

动词不定式有进行体和完成体(如上to be writing,to have written),也有被动态(如to be written),所有的主动词,不论是及物动词还是不及物动词,也不论是动作动词还是状态动词,都有不定式形式。助动词除be和have外,没有不定式形式。动词不定式在语法功能上可作主语、宾语、表语、定语和状语。

不定式的用法

1)不定式结构作主语

1.Te get contact with his family in Taiwan made him extremely happy since they separated more than 40 years ago.

2.To finish that task in such a short time is really a challenge.

AEIS基础语法:如何正确地使用动词不定式?

在上述情况下,如果不定式较长,显得头重脚轻,则可由代词让作形式主语(形式主语it不可由that或this等其他代词代替),而将不定式放到后面。如:

1.It made him extremely happy to get contact with his family in Taiwan since they separated more than 40 years ago.

2.John admitted that it is always difficult for him to be on time.

不定式结构所表示的动作是谁做的,即不定式的逻辑主语,通常可以通过for sb.to do sth.结构表达:

1.It is quite important for us to read good books during a general review.

2.It is not difficult for those talented students to pass the exam.

在某些形容词(如careless,clever,considerate,foolish,good,impolite,kind,naughty,nice,silly,stupid等)作表语时,不定式后可以加of来引导出其逻辑主语:

1.It is very kind of you to tell me the truth.

2.It is stupid of him to do such a silly thing.

2)不定式作宾语

不定式作宾语有两种:一种是及物动词后直接跟带to的不定式,另一种是“及物动词+疑问词+带to的不定式。

及物动词+带to的不定式结构:

只能跟动词不定式的动词,常见的有:afford,agree,aim,appear,ask,believe,care,claim,decide demand,desire,determine,expect,fail,happen,hesitate,hope,intend,learn,long,manage,offer,pretend,promise,prepare,refuse,seek,swear,undertake,want,wish等。

1.He managed to solve the complicated problem.

2.The stranger offered to show me the way.

3.Mr.Smith undertook to build a new plant in South Africa.

动词+疑问代(副)词+不定式:

这类动词常见的有advise,decide,find out,forget,inquire,know,learn,see,regard初中英语语法总结,remember,teach,tell,understand,wonder等。常见的疑问代(副)词有:what,when,where,which,how,whether等。

1.He does not know when to start.

2.You can decide whether to continue or to stop.

3.I will show you how to deal with it.

有时,不定式可由it代替,而把不定式放到后面去。这可以用这一结构表达:动词(如find,think,consider,feel等)+it+形容词+不定式。

1.She considers it necessary to make friends with him.

2.We find it difficult to finish all the homework before 9 o’clock.

3)不定式做表语

一种情况为主语是不定式(表示条件);表语也是不定式(表示结果):

1.To see is to believe.

2.To work means to earn a living.

另一种情况为主语是以aim,duty,hope,idea,job,plan,problem,purpose,thing,wish等名词为中心的短语,或以what引导的名词性从句,

不定式表语对主语起补充说明作用;例如:

1.His aim is to study abroad in the near future.

2.The most important thing is to negotiate with them about the price.

3.What I want to say is to forget all the unhappy experience.

以上就是小编为大家整理的关于AEIS语法教材考点之不定式的基本形式与结构,希望对大家有所帮助。更多AEIS考试费用、新加坡AEIS考试时间等问题可以咨询我们。


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