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AEIS语法笔记:陈述句的反义疑问句的某些特殊形式分析

  • 2020-05-13     
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AEIS考试对语法部分的考查都是非常基本的,并不要求他们掌握过深过于复杂的语法知识,所以考生只要对英语语法有个基本的了解即可轻易拿到满分10分。今天我们就来看看陈述句的反义疑问句的某些特殊形式分析。

1、陈述句的谓语动调为have to,has to,had to时,反意疑问句的谓语分别用do,does ,did。

Still,beginners have to learn from their mistakes ,don't they?初学者还得从错误中吸取教训,不是吗?

She has to change her method of operation ,doesn't she?她必须改变她的操作方法,是吗?

You had to marry him ,didn't you?你当时非嫁给他不可,是吗?

2、陈述句的谓语动词为have,has,had意为“所有”、“持有”时,反意疑问句的谓语分别用have,has,had,而美语要求分别用do,does,did。

Your girlfriend has a camera ,hasn't she?你女朋友有照相机,不是吗?

You have many books ,haven't you?你有很多书,不是吗?He has much money ,doesn't he?他有很多钱,不是吗?


AEIS语法笔记:陈述句的反义疑问句的某些特殊形式分析


3、陈述句的谓词动词为have,has,had作“吃,喝,进行,从事”讲时,反意疑问句的谓语分别用do,does,did。

You have breakfast at seven o'clock,don't you?你在七点钟吃早饭,是不是?

She has a swim every day ,doesn't she?她每天都游泳,不是吗?

You had a good time ,didn't you?你玩得痛快,对吧?

下面句型结构也用do, does, did来构成反意疑问句。

have sb do sth

have a letter from home

have a cold bath

have a music lesson

4、陈述句的谓语动词为used to时,反意疑问句用didn't 比用usedn't更普通。

She used to visit her teacher on holidays ,didn't she?她在休假时常去拜访她的教师,不是吗?

5、陈述句的谓语动词为ought to时,反意疑问句的谓语用oughtn't,而美语要求即托福考试要求用shouldn't。

She ought to go to China by plane ,shouldn't she?她理应坐飞机去中国,不是吗?

Children ought to obey their parents ,oughtn't they?孩子应该听父母的话,不是吗?

注:偶尔也可见到下列反意疑问句形式。

We ought to go ,should we not?我们应该走了,不是吗?

They ought to deliver the letter soon ,ought they not?他们理应很快把那封信送去,不对吗?

6、陈述句的谓语带有must表示必须时,反意疑问句的谓语用mustn't。,

You must work hard next term ,mustn't you?下学期你必须努力学习,不是吗?

7、陈述句的谓语带有must表示“必要”时,反意疑问句的谓语用needn't。

All the students must learn English needn't they?所有的学生都有必要学英语,是吗?

You must go home right now,needn't you?你现在需要马上回家,是吗?

8、陈述句的谓语带有must表示一种推测,意为“一定 、准是”时,反意疑问句不用must和need,而要求与陈述句的谓语的含义相呼应,即与它的时态保持一致。陈述句的谓语为must+动词(对现在的情况进行推测),反意疑问句用一般现在时。陈述句的谓语为must +have+p.p,反意疑问句有两种表达方式句中有过去时间状语,反意疑问句用一般过去时;没有过去时间状语,根据句意若指过去,反意疑问句用一般过去时,否则反意疑问句就用现在完成时。

He must be ill,isn't he?他一定病了 ,是不是?

She must have studied English for several years ,hasn't she?她学英语定有好几年了吧?

This Premier must have arrived in London yesterday morning,didn't he?这位总理准是昨天上午抵达伦敦的,是不是?

He must have been a fool, wasn't he?他准是个傻瓜,是不是?

She must have failed in the exam, didn't she?她一定没及格,是不是?

9、陈述句的谓语为mustn't。表示“禁止” 时,反意疑问句的谓语用must,也可用may。

You mustn't do the work,must you?你千万不要干那工作呀?

10、陈述句的谓语为would rather或would like时,反意疑问句的谓语用wouldn't。

You'd rather go to bed early ,wouldn't you?你宁可早点睡,是不是?

She would like to go, wouldn't she? 她想走,是不是?

11、陈述句的谓语为had better时,反意疑问句的谓语用hadn't。

There are not many cafes. We'd better stop at the next place we see,hadn't we?这儿咖啡馆不多,最好再看到咖啡馆时,就不要走了,不是吗?

12、陈述句的谓语为wish时,反意疑问句的谓语用may。

I wish to co-operate with you,may I?我希望同你合作,行吗?

13、陈述句为I am……时,反意疑问句,口语通常用aren't I,在较正式的文体中也用am I not。陈述句为I am not……时,反意疑问句用am I。

I'm late,aren't I?我来晚了,是不是?

注:aren't用于第一人称,只适用于问句。

14、陈述句含有never, seldom, hardly,scarely, barely, rarely,nowhere little ,few ,nothing ,nobody ,no one ,none ,neither ,no,not等否定意义的词时,反意疑问句要用肯定式。

He seldom goes to the park ,does he?他很少去公园,是吧?

She has never been there ,has she?她没有去过那儿,对吗?

You could hardly manage to do it ,could you?这件事情你做不了,对吗?

Few know her ,do they?很少有人知道她,对吧?

He said nothing about it,did he?关于这件事情他没有说什么,对吗?

但也有人认为这种反意疑问句用肯定形式也可以,

15、陈述句的谓语动调含有否定的前级成后级时,反意疑问句仍用否定式。

He disappeared ,didn't he?他不见了,是吗?

That sentence is ungrammatical isn't it?那个句子不合语法,是吗?

16、陈述句的主语为somebody,everybody,nobody,no one等代词时,在口语中反意疑问句的主语通常用they,主要强调人人或兼顾男女两性的缘故。在正式文件中用he,但不及用they普通。

Somebody borrowed my coat yesterday ,didn't they?昨天有人借了我的外套,是不是?

Everybody knows their jobs,don't they?每个人都了解他们的工作,不是吗?

Anyone can do that,can't they?任何人都能这么做,不是吗?

17、陈述句的主语为one时,反意疑问句的主语用one,非正式英语用you,

One can't be too careful,can one?人不可能太仔细,对吗?

18、陈述句主语为each,表示个别概念时,反意疑问句的主语用he,表示全体时,根据具体情况分别用they,we,you。

Each has his merits ,hasn't he?各人有各人的长处,不是吗?

Each of us has been there, haven't we?我们大家都去过那儿,不是吗?

Each of them has an English dictionary,haven't they?他们每个都有一本英语词典,不是吗?

以上就是小编为大家整理的关于AEIS英语语法考试中陈述句的反义疑问句的某些特殊形式分析,希望对大家有所帮助。更多AEIS培训费用、AEIS如何考试等问题可以咨询我们。


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