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AEIS考试容易出错的形容词从句

  • 2019-08-16     
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  学好AEIS语法是我们参加AEIS考试的基础,但是备考中我们难免会有疏漏,也就导致了在考试中遇到各种各样的情况,那么这种情况下我们应该如何处理呢?下面小编就为大家介绍一下容易出错的形容词从句!

  ㈠重复形容词中的宾语。例如:

  ① The essay which John wrote it yesterday got a good grade.

  ② Do you know the name of the man whom the police are looking for him?

  在①里的形容词从句中的“it”和②里的“him”都是重复的宾语,因为这两个宾语已经由关系代词“which”和“whom”接管了。因此,“it”和“him”是多余的,必须去掉。

  ㈡关系代词或关系副词不对。例如:

  ③ This is the dog who ate up the food.

  ④ Do you know the time which we must resume work?

  ③里的关系代词“who”和④里的“which”都错。③里的先行词是一种动物,关系代词里“which”或“that”才对。④里的先行词是“时间”,应该用关系副词“when”才可。

  ㈢形容词从句修饰的对象不符。例如:

  ⑤ Malcolm finished the work and then left the office which was well-planned.

  这里的形容词从句“which was well-planned”,应该修饰名词 “the work”,不是“the office”,因此犯了修饰的对象不符之错。最容易的改正方法,是使这个从句紧扣在先行词“the work”后面,即:

  ⑥ Malcolm finished the work which was well-planned and then left the office.

  这样的改正虽然符合语法,但句子显得头重脚轻,失去平衡;对是对,但是不好。我建议重整从句,以臻“既对且好”之境。试比较 7(a), (b)和(c):

  ⑦a. Malcolm left the office after he had finished the work which was well-planned.

  b. Malcolm left the office after having finished the work which was well-planned.

  c. Malcolm finished the well-planned work and then left the office.


AEIS考试容易出错的形容词从句


  三句中,⑦(c)一气呵成,短小精悍,是上选。此外,⑦(c)把形容词从句节缩为合成形容词(compound adjective),使句子简练有力。这点足以证明节缩句的好处。关于节缩方法,以后再谈。在了解节缩法之前,千万不要随便尝试,以免犯错。例如: *⑧ A sentence is made up of a subject and a predicate is called a simple sentence.

  ⑧里的“is made up of a subject and a predicate”是形容词从句“which is made up of a subject and a predicate”的节缩体,但是错了。

  根据形容词从句的缩略规则,如果形容词从句是被动式的话,就要把关系代词和助动词“be”一齐去掉:

  ⑨ Do you like the man who was introduced to you yesterday? → Do you like the man introduced to you yesterday?

  ⑩ Please fill in each of the blanks which are provided below. → Please fill in each of the blanks provided below.

  ⑧里的关系代词不见了,但是助动词“is”还在,莫怪整句读起来,有点不顺口;因此要改一改;A sentence made up of a subject and a predicate is called a simple sentence.

  以上就是小编为大家带来的形容词从句的误区,希望考生们在备考中重视起来,除此之外,大家也要在平时多多积累词汇,打好备考技巧的基础。如果想要获取更多AEIS考前辅导、AEIS考试成绩查询等更多信息,大家可以线上咨询我们或继续关注网站更新的文章!


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  想要在AEIS考试中取得好成绩,提高AEIS语法水平是必不可少的步骤,总体来说,AEIS考试中的语法部分考察的就是学生的词汇量和运用的熟练程度,不过一味的学习语法知识点效率通常都很低,所以掌握记忆技巧更加重要,下面小编就为大家介绍一下进行时态表示的非进行意义。

2019-08-16
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