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AEAS语法考试中的语态+时态

  • 2019-07-19     
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  AEAS考试,去澳洲留学一部分学校的入学考试就是AEAS,那么大家要学会AEAS,首先要攻克的就是基础知识,除了词汇就是语法了,语法备考关注语态和时态,今天小编就为大家带来AEAS语法知识介绍,希望能够帮助大家。


AEAS语法考试中的语态+时态


  动词(时态,语态,用法,省略,一致性等)

  时态

  1)现在完成进行时态(have/has been + -ing 分词构成): 动作或状态从过去某时开始,继续到现在,可能继续下去,也可能刚刚结束.

  I’ve been writing letters for an hour.

  I’ve been sitting in the garden.

  2)过去完成进行时(由had been + ing分词构成): 过去某个时刻以前一直在进行的动作I’d been working for some time when he called.

  We had been waiting for her for two hours by the time she came.

  3)将来完成进行时: 将来某个时刻以前一直在进行的动作.

  By next summer, he will have been working here for twenty years.

  In another month’s time she’ll have been studying here for three years.

  4)将来完成时(由shall/will have + 过去分词构成): 将来某时已发生的事.

  I shall have finished this one before lunch.

  They’ll have hit the year’s target by the end of October.

  语态

  可以有两种被动结构的类型,例如:

  He was said to be jealous of her success.

  It was said that he was jealous of her success.

  能同时适用于上述两个句型的主动词通常都是表示“估计”,“相信”等意义的动词,常见的有assume,believe,expect,fear,feel,know,presume,report,say,suppose,understand等.

  It is supposed that the ship has been sunk.

  The ship is supposed to have been sunk.

  担当be supposed to 与不定式的一般形式搭配时往往表示不同的意义.例如:

  Why are you driving so fast in this area? You are supposed to know the speed to know the speed limit. (你应该晓得速度限制)双宾语及宾补结构的被动语态

  双宾语结构的被动语态: 双宾语结构变为被动语态时,可以把主动结构中的一个宾语变为主语,另一个宾语仍然保留在谓语后面,但多数是把间接宾语变为主语.

  He was asked a number of questions at the press conference.

  Two days were allowed them for making the necessary preparations.

  宾补结构的被动语态:

  She was called Big Sister by everybody.

  Then he was made a squad leader.

  He was considered quite qualified for the job.

  The room was always kept clean and tidy.

  短语动词

  Vi + adv

  The plane took off two hours late.

  Vi + prep

  They looked round the Cathedral.

  Vi + prep (有被动语态)

  以上就是小编为大家带来的关于AEAS考试备考技巧介绍,希望能够帮助大家,在备考中语法掌握知识充实掌握,在每一个部分考试中都会利用得到的。想要获取更多AEAS考试综合能力等更多信息,大家可以线上咨询客服哦!最后小编预祝大家能考取心中满意成绩。

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